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What Breed Is Your Dog?

Dogs come in all sizes, colors, and various degrees of floofiness so it is only natural to be curious what mixes of breeds your dog may be. If you are curious about your best friend´s ancestry or just have general questions on why your best friend acts the way they do or how best to care for them, order your dog´s DNA test and find out what makes your dog so special.

Next time someone asks you what breed you dog is, you can answer with confidence. Results can also help you understand your dog´s needs more. Some breeds have high levels of energy and require lots of exercise while other dogs will be perfectly happy being a couch potatoe, with no need for a leash.

Understanding your dog´s breed can provide you with insight´s on your dog´s behaviors and how you can provide the best possible life for your pooch. DNA and heath kits can also help you identify health issues or conditions that are more susceptible to certain breeds.

The Embark team are huge dog lovers and are passionate about understanding our lovable furry friends. Through Embark´s DNA testing, you can learn more about your dog´s breed and ancestry (they track your dog´s lineage all the way back to their great grandparents) and even find your dog´s relatives in their Canine Relative Finder registry. You can purchase just the DNA testing or also opt for the health report. Embark tests your dog´s genetic code against over 350 breeds and 200k genetic markers.

How Does DNA Testing Work?

A genome is the total sum of an organism´s DNA and thus carries a complete set of genetic information. This information is important as it provides the building blocks and biological instructions on how the organism functions including developing, repairing and reproducing. This set of instructions is what makes each organism including you, me and your lovable pooch so unique. A dog´s genome contains 2.8 billion base pairs of DNA.

Chromosomes are structures found in the core of every cell in the organism´s body (except for red blood cells). Chromosomes are composed of DNA tightly wound around proteins. While humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes, dogs have 39 pairs. DNA is broken down into short sections called genes. For each chromosome pair, a dogs inherits one gene from the mother and one from the father. Genes are made up of millions of chemical bases categorized into 4 types, A, T, C and G. The sequence of the genes and bases are arranged into a genetic code which determines special characteristics of a dog including breed origins and health indicators.

When a dog´s saliva is collected through a swab, the DNA is separated from the cell, analyzed and compared against a database of other dog breed genotypes. Special algorithms can then create a chart of DNA matches.

Results can vary greatly depending on the company’s methodology as well as the number of breeds and genetic marks the DNA is compared against.

While DNA testing can be very useful especially when you find out your doggo may be more susceptible to a breed-specific health condition, it is important to always consult a licensed veterinarian before implementing any changes to your dog´s health care routine.